Italian Lesson #65

Buongiorno a tutti!

After the Summer Vocabolario special we now return to our regular lezioni and a few irregular noun-ending changes. But before venturing into the dark world of irregular nouns, let’s spend a minute reviewing the pleasant, rule-conforming nouns that make up the majority of la bella lingua.

Exercise 1:  Put in the correct article (singular or plural)

  1. _____  genitori di Antonio lavorano per _______  governo.
  2. Roberta è  ______  amica che vive con  ______  mie sorelle.
  3. ________  studente migliore è  _______  ragazzo canadese.
  4. Dov’è  __________  casa con tutti  ________  alberi di mele.
  5. _______l  ibri sul tavolo sono per  _______  professoresse.

Don’t view irregular nouns as the inhabitants of some dark world as mentioned above. The truth is that there are only a few sets of irregular patterns and once you familiarize yourself with them, you should be able to understand most irregular Italian nouns.

Irregular Noun-ending changes

There are two types of nouns that will not change their form in the plural:  nouns ending in an accent (città, caffè, etc.), and nouns that are foreign words (bar, sport, etc.).

Examples:

Un caffè – i caffè la città – le città
Il bar – molti bar Il computer – i computer

Masculine nouns ending in –co, and ending in –go have an “h” inserted in the plural noun-ending (for pronunciation reasons):

Examples:

Il banco – i banchi (desks) l’arco > gli archi (arches)
Il lago – i laghi (lakes) l’albergo > gli alberghi

Feminine  nouns ending in –ca, and ending in –ga have an “h” inserted in the plural noun-ending (for pronunciation reasons):

Examples:

La banca – le banche l’amica – le amiche
La strega – le streghe (witches) la riga – le righe (lines)

Exercise 2:  Complete the sentence with the correct form of the plural noun:

  1. Flora e Barbara sono le mie  ______________________  (amica).
  2. Firenze, Roma e Napoli sono  _______________  (città) italiane.
  3. Prendiamo quattro  ______________________________  (caffè).
  4. Vuoi la pizza con I  ______  (fungo) o con I  ______  (peperone).
  5. Luigi pratica gli  ________________________  (sport) invernali.
  6. Durante Halloween ci sono molte _____  (strega) per la strada.
  7. Nella classe non ci sono  ___  (banco) per tutti gli  __  (studente)


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